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Ardhanarishvara; a significant sculpture.

Within Hindu spiritualism, numerous deities are represented in male and female forms. Devotees traditionally view them as either father or mother figures, with each god having unique activities and worship practices. Throughout the history of Hindu civilization, we have been familiar with models and statues of these deities. However, one figure remains controversial and challenging to recognize appropriately: Ardhanariswara. This rare statue can be found in only one or two places in India.

Historians discovered the oldest depiction of this model during the Kushan period in the first century CE. Ardhanariswara is extensively discussed in Hindu mythology and Purana, with specific attention given to its iconography. It is believed to be the most significant representation of Lord Shiva, who is considered the reason behind the formation of this universe.

In a previous discussion, I mentioned the concept of the first will of God, which is a vast power divided into two parts: a male aspect known as Purusha and a female element known as Prakriti. According to Hindu beliefs, many deities were also created from this powerful force. Before the creation of the universe, what was the nature of that small pulsation of radiant energy?

We know it had a lively sense. But how should it be classified? It was neither a male nor a female. It even had no physically identified form. This is why, in my earlier write-up, I stated that God is an intangible matter that is not covered in any sexual clarification. It does not even have a sexual approach. But it can create everything. It is the ruler of all rulers. It forms all the systems of this universe but makes itself out of everything. It has no intimacy with its creation and only acts as a spectator to enjoy it. It has nothing to lose or gain.

It is believed that Purusha, representing male energy, is responsible for the formation of the universe, which is sustained by the nurturing power of Prakriti, representing female energy. The universe's existence would not be possible without the true strength of Prakriti. Feminine energy tirelessly works to nourish the creation throughout the vast expanse of the galaxy. 


Hindu theosophy described this female power as 'Maa' because she nourishes every particle of this universe. If she pauses her action for a second, this infinite creation will be destroyed forever. Without the cohesion of both sides, the universe would not exist; hence, the model of Ardhanarishvara was executed as the reason for forming this universe. 

There is a belief that the virtual representation of God is genderless, neither male nor female. In this exceptional model, Lord Shiva is on the right side, while Mother Parvati is on the left. Traditionally, it is suggested that the female figure should be on the left side of the male figure and one step shorter. However, in this case, both figures are in equal proportion since they are depicted as a single entity. Furthermore, both are given equal importance in this representation.

The belief that women should make sacrifices for their husbands and children is evident in the lifespan of Indian families. Women's contributions are often silent but significant, as expressed in an ancient painting grammar book with the quote, "Women are the main receptacle of power and the primary inspiration for every aspect of human life."

You can consider the statue of Ardhanarishvara as the gist of the erotic sculptures in all morals.

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