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Basant Raga for Spring

Updated: Mar 7

In the initial episode, I expounded upon the primary symbolic representation of musical rhythm enacted through the portrayal of Sree-Raga. This figurative manifestation alluded to the autumn-winter season. The natural phenomenon wherein winter unfailingly ushers in spring after its unpretentious tenure is truly remarkable as it rejuvenates nature and underscores why we ought to cherish our magnificent world for a longer duration! Spring brings boundless delight that endows us with copious amounts of happiness; furthermore, it delights us anew in a distinct manner by causing us to forget our gloomiest past experiences.


Adhering to the laws of nature, an unidentified composer created a musical composition and seamlessly integrated it into the Sree-Raga. As previously noted, nature exerts an undeniable influence over the individual psyche; however, Basant-Raga was expertly crafted to showcase the beauty of spring. Personally, I have frequently delighted with this remarkable musical creation, which can alleviate emotional and mental distress. The Indian film industry boasts countless timeless romantic songs that feature this fundamental melody.


Based on the information provided, Basant Raga is said to have six sub-rhythms - Hindoli, Gurjori, Malawi, Pathmanjary, Sabari, and Kaushiki - each of whom is depicted as his wives. The author described Basant Raga's body color as golden yellow, a hue that symbolizes the spring season and evokes feelings of pleasure, glory, and happiness. Interestingly enough, he chooses not to adorn himself with any ornaments but instead prefers to wear mango flowers as earrings to signify this fruit's blossoming during this time of year. Additionally, he is portrayed with red eyes, suggesting a heightened level of stimulation within his body and mind. His first wife, Hindoli, is depicted as having a relatively tranquil demeanor; her moonshine-like complexion creates a soothing and inviting atmosphere while simultaneously encouraging Basant Raga to dance along with her mesmerizing drum beats. Overall, they appear to be an evergreen couple whose presence fills the air with joyfulness and warmth.



Basant raga indian miniature painting artique blog
Basant Raga represented as Lord Krishna

Numerous miniature paintings depicting the Basanta Raga exist, conveying this musical rhythm's tremendous allure. Upon closer inspection of most works, one finds that miniature artists were deeply influenced by the legend of Lord Krishna and his beloved Radha when attempting to portray this melody. By substituting the symbolic model of Basanta Raga with depictions of Lord Krishna, artists have incorporated elements such as the river Jamuna (a holy river in Vrindavan associated with Sree Krishna's life) into their compositions. This substitution was likely motivated by geographical considerations; during a visit to Vrindavan (the birthplace of Lord Krishna) situated in Utter Pradesh, I observed that certain influential locations within Vrindavan are part of Rajasthan due to its proximity to this neighboring province. As it is a border region between Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, it becomes apparent why Lord Krishna's mythos inspired these painters.


In this article, I am beyond excited to share a mesmerizing performance of the Basant Raga in flute by the legendary Pd. Hariprasad Chourashia. Trust me, you will be blown away by the sheer beauty and excellence of the music he has created! It is important to note that this musical tune is a pure and authentic melody of Raag Basant, used in several musical compositions. Moreover, this musical harmony is performed without the sub-rhythms of Basant Raga, such as Hindoli, Gurjori Malawi, etc. This is truly a rare and special treat, as it allows us to understand and appreciate the essence of this incredible rhythm. So, please, I implore you to listen to this music until the very end. I promise you will be completely and utterly immersed in the magic of it all and realize something extraordinary!



Allow me to share a remarkable truth: The miniature artists of Rajasthan not only found inspiration in Mughal miniature art but also transformed it by infusing it with their traditional values, ultimately establishing it as an iconic form of Indian art. It is well-known that India was not the birthplace of this artistic style; instead, it was introduced by Babur, the first emperor of the Mughal kingdom who hailed from Persian culture. Nevertheless, in India, Mughal art reached its pinnacle of success.


In light of the supremacy of Indian miniature art, the artists hailing from Kangra Valley have demonstrated their unparalleled talent. However, their peers from Rajasthan have established versatility in their craft. Before the Mughal era, they confined themselves to spiritual themes. Yet upon encountering Mughal techniques, they expanded their subject matter to encompass portrait paintings, depictions of royal courts and hunting parties, and Raga-Mala paintings. I do not mean to imply that Kangra Valley artists did not explore these subjects; instead, those from Rajasthan developed a distinct flair in style, methodology, and overall composition that set them apart and made their works iconic within Indian art history.


In the upcoming episode, I shall delve into the intricacies of the third musical rhythm, Raga Vairaba. Please do not hesitate to share your thoughts and feelings on this captivating melody in the comments section below. Additionally, feel free to spread awareness about this enchanting music by sharing its related painting of Raga Basant with others. Your interest is highly appreciated and valued. Thank you for your continued support.

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